In 1948 Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a man that was to later become the Prime Minister of Nigeria said, “Since 1914, the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite. The three regions then were composed of diverse cultural groups. Tafawa Balewa was a teacher, a legislator, a politician who founded Northern People’s Congress ( NPC ) alongside Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, and he was the first Nigerian Prime Minister. Under a new constitution, the Macpherson Constitution of 1951, an electoral college system was implemented whereby, some regional legislators were elected to the Federal House of Representatives in Lagos, and among the federal legislators, three members from each region would be appointed federal ministers with portfolio. Prior to Nigeria's independence, a constitutional conference in 1954 had adopted a regional political framework for the country, with all regions given a considerable amount of political freedom. He was overthrown and murdered in a military coup on 15 January 1966, as were many other leaders, including his old companion Sir Ahmadu Bello. This may have contributed to the “Black Rock” nickname he acquired in later life. Tafawa Balewa burbled with a certain eccentric charm and bubbled over with charisma in the U.S. Egba and Ijebu have no ancestral relationship. In 1957, NPC won the plurality of votes in the Federal House of Representatives and Balewa became the Chief Minister and designated Prime Minister. The pillory of Balewa that resulted from this peremptory treatment of the western crisis was accentuated by his perceived shield of his party man and “fast drowning political friend” – a la the Nigerian press – Premier S. L. Akintola and Balewa’s refusal to invoke the Emergency powers as he did in 1962. It was the fulanis and the killing was done by another fulani man, Muhammadu Buhari, who was the then platoon commander, 2nd infantry brigade, Abeokuta. Another problem with the label is that it erases the identity of millions of ethnically and culturally “unmingled” Fulani people in Nigeria’s northeast and elsewhere. After a student unrest, investigations into student grievances indicted the headmaster, and in 1941 Balewa was nominated as the new headmaster. Balewa entered the government in 1952 as Minister of Works, and later served as Minister of Transport during a time Nigeria was moving towards self-government. ... Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, born by a Fulani … When Tafawa Balewa visited The U.S. in 1961, he had an aura of superiority around himself and carried himself majestically to the delight of the blacks and the amazement of the whites. That same year, Buhari was gifted with double promotion on the same day by the govt of Tafawa Balewa. Brought into the world a commoner in the north of colonial Nigeria, he had training as a teacher. It was 52 years ago that he celebrated his last Christmas. The name was to be changed by Hausa traders to "Tafawa Balewa" (Dauda, 1999). The Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University in Bauchi is named in his honour. News of his assassination spurred violent riots throughout Northern Nigeria and ultimately led to the bloody counter-coup of July 1966.[4]. The district head was moved to Zwal Village. He was born on October 1, 1912 in the village of Tafawa Balewa, in modern-day Bauchi State. Fulani settlers were to hterarily translate Pusji to Tafawa - Balewa, a Fulani word for black stone. He was popularly known as “The Golden Voice of Africa“.Tafawa Balewa took its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (Rock) and “Baleri” (Black).Thus, Balewa grew up with the nickname, “Black Rock.” Tafawa Balewa had very humble origins. In 2013, Hon. In 1961, the Balewa government created an official Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations ministerial position in favour of Jaja Wachuku who became, from 1961 to 1965, the first substantive Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, later called External Affairs. The Sayawa Council of Elders and Traditional Rulers in Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro local councils of Bauchi State condemned the relocation. Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (rock) and Baleri (black). They are doing that because the president is a Fulani man. He taught at the school and rose to become a senior schoolmaster. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s mother – Fatima Inna is a Fulani woman. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa had Four wives – Jummai, Umma, Zainab and Laraba. During his tenure at the transport ministry, both the Marine and Railway departments were transformed to corporations and the designs for a bridge over the Niger and plans for the Kainji Dam were developed. [3] Like many of his contemporaries, he studied at Barewa College, then known as Katsina College, where he was student number 145. ", "Fulani men, allegedly dressed in black, burn 5 villages, kill 5 in Bauchi State", "Tafawa Balewa: Residents blame govt for attack by herdsmen", "Hot spot: Yuguda threatens to demolish Tafawa Balewa town -", "Relocation of council headquarters sparks off uproar -", "ArewaReport: Controversy trails shift of LG hqtrs in Bauchi - Lawmakers, lawyers trade words", "Bauchi leaders protest relocation of council headquarters", "HURIWA faults continued suspension of Bauchi Assembly only female member", "… AS COMMUNITIES QUERY LOCAL GOVT'S RELOCATION", "This Yuguda's tenacious frolics of persecution", "Lawmaker Accuses Bauchi Govt of Constitutional Breaches, Articles", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tafawa_Balewa,_Bauchi&oldid=983163457, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Nigeria articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 16:40. Its headquarters is in the town of Tafawa Balewa. This may have contributed to the “Black Rock” nickname he acquired in later life. His father worked in the house of the district head of Lere, a district within the Bauchi Emirate. Apart from excellence in English, the school was also a training ground for teachers to be posted to the provincial and middle schools within the Northern Provinces of Nigeria.[3]. 1. I shall direct the complete demolition of the town for peace to reign.” An "emergency joint stakeholders meeting of Muslims and Christians representatives of Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro local government areas" was held, and an agreement was reached. 1965 was the last time Nigeria had a normal Christmas when both Christians and Muslims across the country celebrated the yuletide. Ahmadu Rabah, later known as Ahmadu Bello, was student number 87 and was two years his senior, while Abubakar Imam was a year ahead of him. Mbadiwe from NCNC and Akintola from AG.[3]. Balewa left for his family 10 pounds in his bank account, two old cars in his garage and one mud house in Makwalla, Bauchi. As a matter of fact, Ijebus are from Sudan and are not Oduduwa's children. Tafawa Balewa is a local government area in the Southern part of Bauchi State in northern Nigeria.Its headquarters is in the town of Tafawa Balewa. Councils of Bauchi State, in the Northern house of Assembly, he. And his mother Fatima Inna is a Fulani man head of Lere, a trained teacher, and his Fatima... Chieftaincy and ownership of Tafawa Balewa ’ s house in Bauchi and became district! When both Christians and Muslims across the country celebrated the yuletide the name was to be alive today, became! And Muslims across the country celebrated the yuletide cultural groups was conceived December... To have been bestowed with the chieftaincy and ownership of Tafawa Balewa conceived. How affluent he was one of the frequent clashes in the north of colonial Nigeria, he became with... 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