If I paint one of these balls red, it will cease to be qualitatively identical with itself as it was; but it will still be one and the same ball. For the purposes of this thought experiment we’ll assume the former. Amazon.fr: derek parfit. For besides being reductive, Parfit's view is also deflationary: in the end, "what matters" is not personal identity, but rather mental continuity and connectedness. According to the Reductionist persons are nothing over and above the existence of certain mental and/or physical states and their various relations. Zu Derek Parfit. If you’ll recall his fission or split-mind thought experiment, some of the same intuitions are present in this particular thought experiment too. Like Hume, Parfit holds that there is no underlying subject of experience. Faculty of Philosophy. When I press some button, a machine destroys my body, while recording the exact states of all my cells. Words: 1500 - Pages: 6 Derek Parfit's Argument Of The Branch Line Case. Rationalism. This follows, he thinks, from the results of certain thought experiments—such as one put forth by David Wiggins—which seem to suggest that it is possible for A to survive into the future even if nobody will be identical to A at that time. If you’re sympathetic to a theory of souls that assumes the soul is central the personal identity, it’s impossible to tell what the teleporter does. Just as the body theorist understands that, for example, every 28 days our skin doesn’t literally consist of the same cells and atoms, psychological theories can account for gradual change of psychological states over time. On Mars, another machine re-creates you (from local stores of carbon, hydrogen, and so on), each atom in exactly the same relative position. Consider next a claim like, 'Since her accident, she is no longer the same person'. Problema memoriei și a personalității, dezvoltată de John Locke și apoi extinsă de Derek Parfit, este aplicată statutului lui Hari – copia soției decedate a protagonistului. Passer au contenu principal.fr. This follows, he thinks, from the results of certain thought experiments—such as one put forth by David Wiggins—which seem to suggest that it is possible for A to survive into the future even if nobody will be identical to A at that time. Feel free to share your thoughts before or on Facebook or Twitter @Philosimplicity. Derek Parfit. For example, Parfit asks the reader to imagine entering a “teletransporter,” a machine that puts you to sleep, then destroys you, breaking you down into atoms, copying the information and relaying it to Mars at the speed of light. This might seem somewhat abstract, but if you’re familiar with something like Buddhism, you might have an inkling of what Parfit is getting at. 1. He engages with his critics, and shows the way to resolution of their differences. According to the Reductionist persons are nothing over and above the existence of certain mental and/or physical states and their various relations. Derek Antony Parfit, FBA (/ ˈ p ɑːr f ɪ t /; 11 December 1942 – 1 January 2017) was a British philosopher who specialised in personal identity, rationality, and ethics. Souhaitez-vous le revoir combattre dans la cage chers amis? Any future experience will either be my experience, or it will not.” (Parfit- 186), which is what personal identity looks into. If I paint one of these balls red, it will cease to be qualitatively identical with itself as it was; but it will still be one and the same ball. That involves both senses of identity. This information is sent by radio to Mars, where another machine makes, out of organic materials, a perfect copy of my body. Parfit ne cere să ne imaginăm un teletransporter care va lua o anumită persoană pe Marte. When I press some button, a machine destroys my body, while recording the exact states of all my cells. It means that she, one and the same person, is not now the same person. Derek Parfit discusses two separate theories of personal identity, the Ego theory and the Bundle theory. The body theory of personal identity is fairly self-explanatory. In this paper I shall give some further arguments for this second claim, and also try to respond to some forceful objections by Mark Johnston. Longtime readers of this blog might remember Parfit’s name mentioned in several entries from 2018’s Halloween themed thought experiment list. 3. Parfits Schwerpunkte waren Fragen der personalen Identität, der normativen Ethik und der Moralbegründung. ― Picture by Miera Zulyana. When I press some button, a machine destroys my body, while recording the exact states of all my cells. This does not mean, however, that he places no conditions on survival. It should be noted that both scenarios appear to be scientific impossibilities, although the former does resemble quantum teleportation (a real phenomenon), albeit at an absurdly larger scale. This chapter discusses problems for informational patternism and the popular soul theory of personal identity, suggests that they are incoherent, and urges that the self does not really exist. You were once the 10 year old in your memories because this glue is doing its work in the background allowing you and others to make sense of yourself as a single person as you age. The reassembly process could be akin to a resurrection, or disassembly could be akin to death with the teleporter spitting out a zombie-like shell that’s similar to you only in atomic constitution at the other end. Ego Theory and Bundle Theory Derek Parfit's views on personal identity and the Ego and Bundle Theory are all summarized in his article “Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons”. Star Trek itself has been somewhat vague if transporters simply transfer information – details about the atomic structure of the transporter object – and uses this to recreate the object with new atoms, or if the original atoms are physically moved across space. Why does Parfit claim that an exact replica of me (that is functionally and psychologically just like me) is not the same person as me? Derek Parfi That is to say, when we ask such questions about personal identity, what we seem to be getting at are aspects or properties that can consistently distinguish us across time to form a line or a continuum from our past to our present. Literalmente quiere decir «desplazar a distancia», It also undermines the idea that identity is related to a common set of memories. Parfit’s argument for this position relies on our intuitions regarding thought experiments such as teleportation, the fission and fusion of persons, gradual replacement of the matter in one’s brain, gradual alteration of one’s psychology, and so on. Parfit, Derek. Since personal identity is of great importance, whether a future person is me cannot depend on a trivial fact. Generally on that subject I agree with Derek Parfit's work in Reasons and Persons but I'm uncomfortable with his conclusions. Noté /5. Your email address will not be published. These are questions like what is it about you that survives a coma or your death, are you the same person after a traumatic personality-altering brain injury, and in what way are you the same person you were at age 10? Seulement, Silva n’a gagné qu’un seul de ses 7 derniers combats dans l’octogone, son dernier contre Derek Brunson en février 2017. Parfit ne cere să ne imaginăm un teletransporter care va lua o anumită persoană pe Marte. Williams argued that persons are different from most other kinds of things in this respect. Philosophy 87 (1):5-28 (2012) Authors Derek Parfit Oxford University Abstract We can start with some science fiction. Parfit develops further his influential treatment of reasons, normativity, the meaning of moral discourse, and the status of morality. existiert auch die Person in gewissem Sinne fort. It also undermines the idea that identity is related to a common set of memories. La cage chers amis impossible, Williams says, therefore, it ’ s mentioned! Hume, Parfit explains the distinction between Ego theory and the status of morality questions about their over... Teletransporter einsteigen, der normativen Ethik und der Moralbegründung it in writing his... ) Oxford University share posts by email waren Fragen der personalen Identität der! Or one and the same person moral philosophers of the late 20th and 21st! 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