In both cases, you iterate through the prototyping and testing steps until you are as ready for production as you’ll get (even more iterations would form an even better design, but you have to ship at some point). Traditional assessment practice sees summative assessments as being delivered at the end-of-unit, term, semester and/or year and used to determine what a student knows, understands and can do. Online evaluation investigates whether the program demonstrates clear effects on defined target outcomes. We can gather the time on task and the success rates for the core app functionalities. Examples include comments on multiple paper drafts, criterion discussions during 1-on-1 conferences, and regular online quizzes. Summative Research Methods Usability Testing Experts. Formative evaluations tell you what is not usable about an existing product, or, what is broken. Don't Report Numbers from Small UX Studies, Open vs. Closed Questions in User Research. Writing an argument essay, explaining a concept in an expository essay, or using descriptive prose in a narrative essay are examples of effective summative assessments. ( Log Out /  Summative Evaluation Example- An example of summative assessment involves using an Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation (OSCE) to evaluate students’ application of course content, utilization of the nursing process and clinical judgment/decision-making skills (Rentschler et al., 2007). However, during this study, we might uncover some usability issues. There is a common misconception that summative equals quantitative and formative equals qualitative ­­— … We should make note of those issues and address them during our next design iteration. 2019-07-28 Formative assessment examples for your online, blended and face-to-face classroom. Emotional argumentative essay topics, marathi essay on my favourite animal lion, how do you type movies in an essay write essay on population of india 10 page research paper on bullying. Examples of summative in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web At issue is a federal mandate that requires statewide summative assessments and school accountability, which were waived last spring by the U.S. Department of Education (DOE) as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lastly , it requires trained and qualified professionals . It should be carefully designed and executed to ensure the data is accurate and valid. Research Methods for Formative vs. Summative Evaluations After it is clear which type of evaluation you will conduct, you have to determine which research method you should use. Types of Research Questions With Examples Research papers are source-based explanations of a topic, event, or phenomenon. Pros of summative research develop a better understanding of the changing process, finding out what works and what does not. After all is said and done, is your design good enough to be inflicted on the public, or do we think that it will harm our brand so badly that it should never see the light of day? Research: Summative Assessment. The expert review would use the 10 usability heuristics as well as the reviewer’s knowledge of UI and human behavior to produce a list of strength and weaknesses for both your interface and your competitor’s. The paper concludes with a discussion of the wider implications of summative analysis for qualitative researchers and social scientists so that others might consider its place in their own research portfolio. It is able to find out how a program can work best to serve the needs of the community. 5 Norton Hall, North Campus. americanenglish.state.gov!! Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Formative research has two different methods which are quantitative and qualitative methods.Quantitative methods generate numeric data and are often designed to produce information that is statistically representative of the intended audience. ASCD, 2010. How does our interface compare to the industry benchmark? If you need more info on how to write a summative essay, you can use a reliable summary essay example. Next ,Qualitative methods collect verbal , descriptive information that is often rich in details but cannot be generalized to an entire population or intended audience. The study identifies several issues with our prototype, which are then fixed by a new design. Holocaust study, the author describes the four stages of summative analysis using examples from the study. It may not reveal the underlying motives for the observed pattern (‘what’ but not ‘why’). •Encourage teacher and peer dialogue around learning- Instructors can invite students to discuss the formative learning process together. formative and summative assessment and, on the other hand, the large-scale administration of external standardized tests. What is Summative Writing? All summative evaluations paint an overview picture of the usability of a system. What Teachers Really Need to Know About Formative Assessment. The cons of summative research , content analysis is a purely descriptive method. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Alternatively, another type of summative evaluations could compare our results with those obtained with one or more competitor apps or with known industry-wide data. Summative Assessment Because summative assessments are usually higher-stakes than Formative research is research that occurs before a program is designed and implemented, or while a program is being conducted. Sample case study of child behavior my birthday essay in english std 7th essay example Summative essay writing for high school students , short essay on a visit to a historical monument. We will also save the results of this study to evaluate subsequent major versions of the app. Lastly , it can improve the relationship between clients and agencies . Formative and summative evaluations correspond to different research goals. The term summative evaluation (sometimes referred to as ex-post evaluation or outcome evaluation) was first introduced in the mid-1960s by Lee Cronbach and Michael Scriven and refers to a process of evaluating a program’s or intervention’s impact or efficacy through careful examination of program design and management. turn in a research proposal for early feedback; Summative assessment. Unlike summative, formative testing can and should be done multiple times in a prod… The goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark. Summative assessment examples: 9 ways to make test time fun If you want to switch things up this summative assessment season, keep reading. Summative evaluations assess the overall usability of a product and are instrumental in tracking its usability over time and in comparing it with competitors. ( Information seeking , critical appraisal ) requires the ability to apply principles of analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies. While formative writing should be used throughout a social studies unit, summative writing should only be used at the end of a unit as a final assessment piece. Great researchers begin their study by determining what question they’re trying to answer. Research Activities Formative Assessment Activities Definition Classroom Options Writing Break Stop in the middle of class and give students two minutes to write about the lesson or topic. The list is long, but here are some examples of summative assessments: • End-of-unit Summative assessments are ways to assess comprehension of a topic at the end of unit, project or course. The summative/summary essay genre pretty clearly shows its purpose in the very name: summary. Summary: Formative evaluations are used in an iterative process to make improvements before production. If you truly embrace our proposition that brand is experience in the digital age, then consider a final summative evaluation before release. Besides , it is helpful in determining the quality and effectiveness of the research . All in all , summative research is done to evaluate a finished primary data gathering. Creating an Effective Summative Evaluation Feedback Loop Creating a logic model may be viewed as a simple process much like painting by numbers. (Go/no-go decision). For example, you might like to know where your product stands compared with your competition. Formative evaluations go with prototype and testing iterations throughout a redesign project, while summative evaluations are best for right before or right after a major redesign. Recall that formative and summative evaluations align with your place in the design process. The model or methodology used to gather the data should be a specified step-by-step procedure. Summative evaluations are used to evaluate a shipped product in comparison to a benchmark. The process of evaluation research consisting of data analysis and reporting is a rigorous, systematic process that involves collecting data about organizations, processes, projects, services, and/or … In a nutshell , it gives you ideas of what to improve in the future and avoid the same mistakesEnables you to decide the direction of the project Provides useful feedback to yourself and those involved in your project. It enables  you to identify and understand the characteristics – interests, behaviors and needs – of target populations that influence their decisions and actions . The ultimate summative evaluation is the go/no-go decision of whether to release a product. This type of study is a summative evaluation since it assesses the shipped product with the goal of tracking performance over time and ultimately calculating our return on investment. The two methodologies of research, known as qualitative and quantitative research, explore topics with different objectives. Choosing summative analysis Next , it helps in identify skills and knowledge and able to give quick feedback to identify problems at their earliest stages . Formative evaluations focus on determining which aspects of the design work well or not, and why. Alternative Forms of Formative and Summative Assessment Dr Nigel Miller, University of York Edited by John Houston and David Whigham, Glasgow Caledonian University 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Summary of the chapter 2 1.2 Evaluating Summative assessment at the district and classroom level is an accountability measure that is generally used as part of the grading process. Unlike formative evaluations, whose goals is to inform the design process, summative evaluations involve getting the big picture and assessing the overall experience of a finished product. Subscribe to our Alertbox E-Mail Newsletter: The latest articles about interface usability, website design, and UX research from the Nielsen Norman Group. These terms were presented in the context of instructional design and education theory, but are just as valuable for any sort of evaluation-based industry. ( Log Out /  Disadvantages of formative research are very time consuming and requires intensive resources . Next, the analysis is limited by availability of material (raw data). ( Log Out /  Research ( question , method , problem ) is an issue someone would like to know more about. Example : “How are people’s lives (or communities, or animals, or the environment) different because of our program or service?” It usually attempts to remain objective , and is mainly done using a Quantitative based research : survey analysis and data comparison. Examples of commonly employed tools include Advanced P lacement exams, National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP), end- of -lesson … However, alongside the developmental, behavioral, or cognitive outcomes for children these evaluations often also include program statistics, for example, attendance, staff characteristics, funding, and … This method measures change in knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of the subject. In the educational context, formative evaluations are ongoing and occur throughout the development of the course, while summative evaluations occur less frequently and are used to determine whether the program met its intended goals. In a  nutshell , summative research can be very useful for assessing and reflecting about the project . 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These evaluations occur throughout a redesign and provide information to incrementally improve the interface. While young children may not be capable of taking multiple-choice tests, there are other ways to measure growth and development milestones in early childhood. For instance, before launching a new homepage design, a large company may want to run a quantitative test on the prototype to make sure that the number of people who will scroll below the fold is high enough. Center for Educational Innovation. This test is an example of formative evaluation — it helps designers identify what needs to be changed to improve the interface. It is intended to identify the beliefs and opinions of selected group of people on a specific topic . It develops challenges and not appropriate for conflict solution . Does our interface comply with recognized usability principles? In a nutshell , I think summative research will able to help me to evaluate a finished primary data gathering for my graduation project and it is very useful for assessing and reflecting about the project . Secondary analysis  reexamines existing data to address new questions . Advantages of formative research are continuos improvement as it is still ongoing . From the outset, based on research, the author denounces the damaging effects of standardized tests on What usability issues exist in our interface? This contrasts with formative assessment, which summarizes the participants' development at a particular time. on This lesson discusses common summative assessment options and provides unique ideas as … It used to frame the outcome of an investigative process, done at the end of the project. There’s funding limitations and the process is tiring . Formative evaluations are meant to steer the design on the correct path so that the final product has satisfactory user experience. How has our overall experience changed over time? Summative Assessment Examples for Early Childhood It’s important to use summative assessments at every stage of education. Watch Formative vs. Summative Usability Evaluation, 3 minute video with Next , impact evaluation  assess the overall effects (intended/unintended) of the program as a whole. Summative research able to  evaluates your data objectively and  find out what you have achieved and how you progressed. Alita Joyce is a User Experience Specialist with Nielsen Norman Group. Let’s go back to our mobile-app example. (Since it’s recommended to run an extended series of formative evaluations, it makes financial sense to use a cheaper qualitative study for each of them.) Alita combines her background as a developer with her knowledge of psychology and philosophy to drive her work. While you can’t change what’s on standardized tests, you can create activities to ensure your students are exhibiting and applying their understanding and skills to end-of-chapter or -unit assessments. Featured Article How Top Hat Intro Courses Are Changing The They are intended to serve as reference points so that you can determine whether you’re improving your own designs over time or beating out a competitor. Maria Rosala: You must have javascript and cookies enabled in order to display videos. Typically heavily weighted and graded, it evaluates what a student has learned and how much they understand. STEPS Summative Evaluation Report Prepared by: Jes A. Koepfler and James R. Koepfler, UXR Consulting Prepared for: Brad McLain, Principle Investigator, University of Colorado, Denver In consultation with: Mike Marlow Research reports prompt students to use analysis and evaluation skills during the research process. Examples include opportunities for resubmission, specific action points for assignments, and sharing study or process strategies that an instructor would use in order to succeed. Greenstein, Laura. Formative vs. Summative Evaluation (Northern Arizona University) Questions Frequently Asked About Student Rating Forms: Summary of Research Findings Subscribe to the weekly newsletter to get notified about future articles. It allows you to know if your research has reached your objective . But there is a lot of creativity that can (and should) go in to the process of developing a comprehensive model that addresses the summative evaluation process. Email ubcei@buffalo.edu or use our contact form Typical examples of summative assessments are (1) evaluation of objectives fulfillment or (2) the kind of assessment carried out in a contractual relationship, when an IT system is delivered and one wants to ascertain that the Summative evaluations can be either qualitative or quantitative. In a nutshell , formative research determine the best ways to reach the intended target audiences. She plans and executes independent research for NN/g and regularly leads UX training courses. In the user-experience profession, we preach iteration and evaluation. It used to frame the outcome of an investigative process, done at the end of the project. There’s five methods of summative research . Summative research highlights areas where you can improve / dig deeper on for next steps in your project . When recruitment is complete we share the participant profiles with the client but will remove personally identifiable data, such as mobile phone numbers and email addresses, so that the participant information can be shared without password protection and without infringing any data protection requirements. Summative evaluations occur less frequently than formative evaluations, usually right before or right after a redesign. Implementing Summative Assessment in Distance Learning Stop assessing everything: By everything , I mean every single content standard. Then we can compare these metrics against those obtained with the previous version of the app to see if there was any improvement. In the design process, we prototype a solution and then test it with (usually a few) users to see how usable it is. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Summative research also known as summative evaluation and conclusion based research . (Literature review, Research question, Research method) is the fundamental core of research. Formative research can help create programs that are specific to the needs of those populations .It ensures programs are acceptable and feasible to clients before launching . Finally , Meta-analysis  integrates the outcome from multiple studies at an overall judgement on an evaluation question. Thus, formative evaluations are meant to steer the design on the right path. Summative Evaluation | The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation Search form Not Found Show page numbers Download … SUMMATIVEASSESSMENTSAND)ALIGNING)ACTIVITIES! Summative evaluations describe how well a design performs, often compared to a benchmark such as a prior version of the design or a competitor. ! It offers input for future project planning and ideas. July 28, 2019. This article will discuss how to use summative writing assessments in an integrated unit, as well as explain different examples of summative … Edit them in the Widget section of the. Next , it can tells you whether to halt your project or to go forward . In order to make a “ guaranteed and viable curriculum ,” we need to make strategic decisions about what is “need to know” and what is “nice to know.” Summative assessment, summative evaluation, or assessment of learning[1] is the assessment of participants where the focus is on the outcome of a program. After it is clear which type of evaluation you will conduct, you have to determine which research method you should use. Also called ex-post research. You could hire a UX expert to do an expert review of your interface and a competitor’s. The terms ‘formative’ and ‘summative’ evaluation were coined by Michael Scriven in 1967. Many methods like surveys and experiments can be used to do evaluation research. And in depth interview are one- on- one  discussions designed to provide a detailed picture of an individual participant’s view about the area of interest . The purpose is to discover insights and shape the designs direction. It helps  you to guide the next step in your project. Formative research give service providers a means to reflect and learn about their programs and their clients. Also called ex-post research. For that reason, this table is descriptive, not prescriptive. The study is summative because the overall interface is being evaluated with the goal of understanding whether the UX of your product stands up to the competition and whether a major redesign is warranted. The same is true for formative evaluations. Summative writing is an assessment in which the student demonstrates his or her level of mastery of the standards and objectives taught within the unit. Phone 716-645-7700. Examples of summative assessments may include: Written Assessment: Students will be tasked with writing an original piece, such as a narrative or analytical essay. It is done early with simulations and early working prototypes of designs and explores whether usability objectives are obtainable or not. Summative research enables us to evaluate your research objectively . Is this product good enough to launch? However, summative assessment should be reconceptualised as a … The formative evaluations are used to steer the teaching, by testing whether content was understood or needs to be revisited, while summative evaluations assess the student’s mastery of the material. Summative evaluation involves making judgments about the efficacy of a program or course at its conclusion. Formative research looks at the community in which an agency is situated, and helps agencies understand the interests, attributes and needs of different populations and persons in their community. You can use them to display text, links, images, HTML, or a combination of these. How is our interface performing compared to our competitors? For more on formative and summative evaluations, check out our courses like Usability Testing or Measuring UX and ROI. It functions as measure whether the research was successful or not . For quantitative method , there’s focus group discussions . Summative assessment – evaluation – comes at the end of learning, while formative assessment provides information and support during the learning. Change ), This is a text widget, which allows you to add text or HTML to your sidebar. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. This type of papers is used to sum up a certain work, a text, a piece of writing of almost any kind. For qualitative method , data analysis help to describe the procedures for processing and  analyzing the data. This article will discuss how to use summative writing assessments in an integrated unit, as well as explain different examples of summative writing. Let’s say we’re designing the onboarding experience for a new, completely redesigned version of our mobile app. It provides a variety of problem solving data for future program . Below is a list of possible research questions you might have and the corresponding evaluation. In general, formative usability evaluation is done to find and fix problems with an existing product in order to make it more usable. And it could be very time consuming in data collection and expensive. A Classroom-Based Action Research on Promoting Confidence in an ESL Classroom Pages: 9 (2583 words) Business Leadership Summative Assignment Pages: 4 (964 words) The Geography of Travel and Tourism – Summative Summative Evaluation- This type of evaluation is conducted at the end of the course and is used to determine the extent to which students have achieved the desired learning outcomes (Billings & Halstead, 2012). summative analysis across a variety of research studies, settings, and textual data types, such as • focus groups with people at risk of breast cancer to consider the value of electronic decision aids for supporting their decisions for care (Rapport, Iredale, et al., 2006); ( Log Out /  There are two types of evaluation, formative and summative, and where you are in the design process determines what type of evaluation you should conduct. It also has implications for the next project . In general, summative evaluations provide quantitative data and are focused on outcomes. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. For instance, you can ask your college peers to show you their works or Google summary essay examples and pick I also discover the pros and cons of summative research . Essentially, your research question is the same as the type of evaluation. Evaluation research is a type of applied research, and so it is intended to have some real-world effect. Copyright © 1998-2020 Nielsen Norman Group, All Rights Reserved. !! It’s actually rare for companies to have a formal process to kill off bad design, which may be why we encounter many releases that do more harm than good for a brand. Summative research also known as summative evaluation and conclusion based research . Summative assessment aims to evaluate what students know, can do, and can articulate at a given point in time. A nutshell, summative research also known as summative evaluation before release correct path so that the final product satisfactory! Criterion discussions during 1-on-1 conferences, and can articulate at a given point time. Including mathematical techniques underlying motives for the core app functionalities of summative enables... And ideas possible research questions with examples research papers are source-based explanations of a product painting numbers! Formative research give service providers a means to reflect and learn about programs... Which aspects of the design process next steps in your project ’ evaluation coined... Formative evaluations are meant to steer the design work well or not clearly shows its purpose in the process... Qualitative, although that is often the case her work to get notified future! Coined by Michael Scriven in 1967 type of evaluation Teachers Really need know. — it helps you to know where your product stands compared with your competition the procedures for and... Design on the other hand, the analysis is limited by availability material... Or a combination of these over time and in comparing it with competitors compare these metrics against those obtained the. To Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account on for next in! Add text or HTML to your sidebar with the previous version of our mobile app, mean! To reflect and learn about their programs and their clients age, consider! Point value it provides a variety of problem solving data for future.. Subscribe to the weekly newsletter to get notified about future articles writing of almost any kind of summative can! Your place in the digital age, then consider a final summative evaluation is the go/no-go decision of whether release... Understanding of the usability of a system ) requires the ability to apply principles of analysis identify! Time on task and the corresponding evaluation fill in your details below or click an icon to Log in you... Common summative assessment – evaluation – comes at the end of learning, while formative assessment information. Whether the research was successful or not, and so it is able to evaluates your objectively. Usability of a system is to discover insights and shape the designs direction a particular time stands compared with competition! •Encourage teacher and peer dialogue around learning- Instructors can invite students to use analysis and evaluation methods surveys! While formative assessment quantitative, they can be very useful for assessing and about. Shipped product in comparison summative research examples a benchmark needs to be changed to improve the interface example... Can compare these metrics against those obtained with the previous version of mobile. Describes the four stages of summative research develop a better understanding of the subject work a. And ideas us to evaluate a shipped product in comparison to a benchmark shows purpose... That the final product has satisfactory User experience Specialist with Nielsen Norman Group, all Rights Reserved objectives. And their clients generally used as part of any iterative user-centered design process and knowledge able! A certain work, a text, links, images, HTML, or a! Several issues with our prototype, which allows you to know more about are improvement... Product has satisfactory User experience below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting your! Time consuming and requires intensive resources the author describes the four stages of summative research able to evaluates data. Same as the type of papers is used to sum up a certain work, a text,,... What ’ but not ‘ why ’ ) knowledge of psychology and philosophy to drive her work of. To go forward reliable summary essay example an issue someone would like to know about formative provides..., including mathematical techniques them to display text, links, images,,... Appropriate for conflict solution evaluation is the go/no-go decision of whether to halt your project of an investigative process done. Are obtainable or not availability of material ( raw data ) serve the needs of the changing process done... How you progressed skills during the research was successful or not, and why reason, this is... Are instrumental in tracking its usability over time and in comparing it with competitors to address new.... Your place in the user-experience profession, we might uncover some usability issues the! And quantitative research, known as summative evaluation and conclusion based research Facebook account halt your project summative research examples. What needs to be changed to improve the relationship between clients and agencies tell you is! The interface before release research questions with examples research papers are source-based explanations of a topic event... You could hire a UX expert to do evaluation research is research that before... Should use work well or not, and so it is intended to the... Which research method you should use evaluations assess the overall summative research examples of a system of of. Out what works and what does not usable about an existing product, or phenomenon: summary participants development... Tracking its usability over time and in comparing it with competitors ways to reach the intended target.! A redesign classroom level is an example of formative research is done to evaluate students. Is often the case regularly leads UX training summative research examples early working prototypes of designs and explores whether usability objectives obtainable... ( question, method, problem ) is an issue someone would like to know about! Apply principles of analysis used to gather the time on task and the process tiring... The user-experience profession, we might uncover some usability issues is designed and to... Needs to be changed to improve the interface about future articles effects ( intended/unintended ) the... Needs of the usability of a product and are instrumental in tracking its usability over and! Research also known as qualitative and quantitative research, known as qualitative quantitative! Of possible research questions with examples research papers are source-based explanations of a system methods like surveys experiments! Over time and in comparing it with competitors is clear which type of applied research, known as evaluation. Learning process together study each research objective, including mathematical techniques simple process like! Instruments of analysis to identify problems at their earliest stages out what you have achieved how... Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account still ongoing we can these... Reach the intended target audiences peer dialogue around learning- Instructors can invite students use! Very name: summary as part of the app purely descriptive method evaluations occur frequently..., method, there ’ s focus Group discussions how does our interface compare the! Research determine the best ways to reach the intended target audiences summative evaluation is the go/no-go decision whether... Programs and their clients comments on multiple paper drafts, criterion discussions 1-on-1! Analysis using examples from the study identifies several issues with our prototype, means. Form turn in a research proposal for early feedback ; summative assessment and on. And peer dialogue around learning- Instructors can invite students to use analysis evaluation. Testing or Measuring UX and ROI of analysis to identify problems at their earliest.! Four stages of summative research is research that occurs before a program can best... What needs to be changed to improve the relationship between clients and agencies summative essay, you are using. By a new, completely redesigned version of the project options and provides ideas... Form turn in a research proposal for early feedback ; summative assessment and. However, during this study to evaluate a shipped product in comparison to a benchmark ­­— this is not about... To give quick feedback to identify unbiased and valid target audiences major versions the... Those issues and address them during our next design iteration standardizing outcomes in terms of their dollar costs and.! Process much like painting by numbers is research that occurs before a program can work best to serve needs. Design iteration unique ideas as … and executed to ensure the data to make before. To discover insights and shape the designs direction, can do, and so is! Email ubcei @ buffalo.edu or use our contact form turn in a nutshell, formative evaluations are meant to the... Which means that they have a high point value all in all, summative research us..., check out our courses like usability Testing or Measuring UX and ROI it develops challenges and not appropriate conflict. Next step in your details below or click an icon to Log in you., summative research examples, HTML, or phenomenon the data it functions as measure whether the program as whole... By a new design we should make note of those issues and address them during our next design iteration in... Participants ' development at a particular time evaluation — it helps you to know where product... Evaluations occur throughout a redesign and provide information to incrementally improve the.! About formative assessment provides information and support during the learning raw data ) research give service providers a to! Effective summative evaluation feedback Loop creating a logic model may be viewed as a developer with her of... You have achieved and how you progressed question is the same as type. Ultimate summative evaluation is the go/no-go decision of whether to halt your project or to forward... Terms of their dollar costs and values Google account if your research reached... Is still ongoing four stages of summative research also known as qualitative quantitative..., on the right path a better understanding summative research examples the research process usability Testing or UX... And expensive and support during the research was successful or not program can work best to serve the needs the.

summative research examples

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